Peace and Conflict
This theme explores the dynamics and dialectics of political conflict, as well as the triggers that turn such conflicts violent. Where there is armed conflict, there is often persistent poverty and instability, meaning individuals are caught in cycles of economic and political marginalization. This area of research seeks to understand individuals’ trajectories, including during armed conflict, but also embraces a broader examination of forms of insecurity and marginalization which disproportionately impact the poor. In doing so, such research helps to identify measures to mitigate the impact of violence and conflict, to improve political settlements and the conditions for peacetime livelihoods and ultimately to break the poverty-conflict trap.